Calcutta School Society, Calcutta, 1818

Champatola-Colootola
কলকাতা স্কুল সোসাইটি, কলকাতা, ১৮১৮
With the change of socio-political scenario and as an impact of the growing influences of the orientalist movement, the policy guidelines of the Calcutta Free School Society founded in 1789 raised a serious question as to the extent of benefits it may provide to the indigenous people. Shortly after the renewal of the Charter of the East India Company the Court of Directors wrote In their letter to the Governor-General in Council of Bengal, dated 3rd June 1814, that they apprehend neither of the two government propositions, about (1) the revival and improvement of literature; and (2) promotion of knowledge of the sciences amongst the inhabitants be obtained through the medium of public colleges, if established upon a plan similar to those that have been founded at our Universities. That is because the natives of caste and of reputation will not submit to the subordination and discipline of a college. So the Indian Government did not take the initiative in the matter of the education of the people of this country. It was the people themselves who had to take the initiative and to do the needful.
An independent educational institution, The Calcutta School Society, set up in Calcutta on 1 September 1818. Like the Calcutta School-Book Society (1817), it was established jointly by Europeans and educated Indians. The Calcutta School Society was largely an initiative of David Hare and William Carey. Its aim was to introduce identical teaching methods at different schools, reconstruct and develop old schools, and build new ones if necessary. In the beginning, the managing committee of the School Society consisted of 24 members, of which 8 were Indians like Moulvi Mirza Kazim Ali Khan, Moulvi Belayet Hossain, Moulvi Dervesh Ali, Moulvi Nurunnabi, Babu Radhamadhab Bandyopadhyay, Babu Rasomaya Dutta, Babu Radhakanta Deb, and Babu Umacharan Bandyopadhyay. Mirza Kazim Ali and M Montaigue were its secretary and corresponding secretary, respectively. To bring the Bengali Schools under direct and systematic supervision, the city was divided into four districts,—to Baboo Doorga Churn Dutt was given the control of 30 schools having nearly 900 boys, to Baboo Ramchunder Ghose, 43 schools possessing 896 boys, to Baboo Oomanundun Thakoor, 36 schools possessing nearly 600 boys, and to Radhacaunt Deb, 57 schools posseasing 1136 boys. It is said “that these gentlemen entered very warmly into the views of the Society and expressed their entire willingness to take charge of their respective divisions.
The Calcutta School Society was a brainchild of David Hare. Hare, Raja Radhakanta Deb, and William Carrey were the main force behind its success in assisting and improving existing institutions, and preparing select pupils of distinguished talents by superior instruction for becoming teachers and instructors. It established two regular or, as they were termed, “normal” schools, rather to improve by serving as models than to supersede the existing institutions of the country. They were designed to educate children of parents unable to pay for their instruction. Both the Tuntuneah and the Champatollah school, চাঁপাতলা স্কুল, were attended with remarkable success. The former was situated in Cornwallis Street, nearly opposite the temple of Kali, ঠনঠনে কালীবাড়ি, and consisted of a Bengali and English department. The latter was held in the house afterwards occupied by Babu Bhoobun Mohim Mitter’s school, and which was entirely an English school. The two schools were amalgamated at the end of 1834. The amalgamated school was known as David Hare’s School. After a few years of successful running, the society fell into financial difficulties. However, it was given a government donation of Rs. 6000 and managed to continue for some time longer. In 1824, 66 schools with 3487 students were brought under the supervision of the society. The change in government regulations concerning language and teaching, the internal conflict among those following eastern and western ideologies, and the lack of initiative and enthusiasm on the part of Indians were some of the reasons why this private institution lost its importance and eventually ceased to exist in 1833. See
It may however be remembered that the tirelessly endeavor of a man like David Hare, who not only established some schools but gainfully experimented with new methods of teaching, at such places as Thanthania, Kalitala and Arpuly,আরপুলি পাঠশালা, where he visited everyday and met almost every student. It was much later that Alexander Duff or Henry Louis Vivian Derozio came on the scene and influenced the course of events. This Society contributed substantially to the flowering of the Bengal Renaissance.
Champatola-Colootola-map-(Plan of Calcutta. Survey of India.1854) where Calcutta School Society had their base

Garden House of Mr Trinks, Garden Reach, 1795

চার্লস ট্রিঙ্কস সাহেবের বাগান বাড়ি, গার্ডেন রিচ, কলকাতা, ১৬৯৫
This is a view of the Garden House in Garden Reach on the banks of the River Hooghly where Mr Charles Trinks(c.1750-1813) lived. Like this large garden houses of Calcutta were situated in this fashionable area. Charles Trinks was the organist of St. John’s Church.
Watercolour painting by Hubert Cornish (1757-1823) dating 1795.

Calcutta und Umgebung: A literary and historical atlas , 1860

Calcutta und Umgebungকলকাতা এবং কলকাতার পার্শবর্তী অঞ্চল, ১৮৬০
Capital of the Indian Empire and the official residence of the Viceroy and Governor-General, situated in 22° 34′ N. and 88° 22′ E., on the east or left bank of the Hooghly river, within the Twenty-four Parganas District, Bengal. The city lies about 86 miles from the sea, and is only 18 to 21 feet above mean sea-level. Stretching northward for 6 miles along the river-bank, and bounded on the east by the Circular Canal and the Salt Lakes, it covers at the present day an area of 20,547 acres, of which only 1,792 are rural, and 1,113 acres form the Maidān. The city is bounded on all sides by suburban municipalities, which [S. 261] have been excluded from Calcutta for purposes of municipal administration. Cossipore-Chitpur on the north, Māniktala on the east, and Garden Reach on the south-west, as well as Howrah on the west bank of the Hooghly river, are industrial suburbs, which form an integral part of the life of the metropolis  [Shown in Red]. The present article is, however, confined to the municipal town of Calcutta as defined in Bengal Act III of 1899, Fort William, and the water area, the population of which (1901) is 808,969, 4,612, and 34,215 respectively.
Bartholomew, J. G. (John George) : A literary and historical atlas of Asia. — London : [1912] — xi, 226 S. ; Ill. : 18 cm. — S. 65. — Online

Battle of Calcutta Military Plan, 1756; Left Part

কলকাতা পুনর্দখল-কালীন সামরিক নকশা – বাম ভাগ ১৭৫৬

Plan for the intelligence of the military operations at Calcutta, when Attacked and Taken by Seerajah Dowlet, 1756 [Left Part]

Battle of Calcutta Military Plan, 1756; Right Part

কলকাতা পুনর্দখল-কালীন সামরিক নকশা ; দক্ষিণ ভাগ – ১৭৫৬
Plan for the intelligence of the military operations at Calcutta, when Attacked and Taken by Seerajah Dowlet, 1756  [Right Part]

Calcutta : David Rumsey Historical Map, 1842

কলকাতা মানচিত্র, ১৮৪২
Calcutta. Published under the superintendence of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. London, published by Chapman & Hall, 186, Strand, Novr. 1842. (1844)
David Rumsey Historical Map Collection

Calcutta : Map with references to institutions, 1893

কলকাতা, প্রতিষ্ঠান-নির্দেশক সহ মানচিত্র, ১৮৯৩
This Calcutta map, prepared by The Edinburgh Geographic Institute, and appeared in 1893 as a Constable’s Hand Atlas of India.

Calcutta : Map with references to institutions, 1924

কলকাতা, প্রতিষ্ঠান-নির্দেশক সহ মানচিত্র, ১৯২৪
Published in 1924 for Murray’s Handbook.