Black Pagoda : Nabaratna Kali Temple (Gentoo Pagoda), Chitpore Road, Calcutta, 1787

Gentoo Pagoda and House

নবরত্ন কালী মন্দির, গেন্টু  বা কালো প্যাগোডা   নামে পরিচিত, চিৎপুর রোড, কলকাতা, ১৭৮৭
This is a view of the Nabaratna temple of the Godess Kali, also known as ‘Black Pagoda’ and ‘Gentu Pagoda’, which was built on the Chitpore Road in 1731 by Govindram Mitter (1720-56), a wealthy Hindu landlord. Its 165-feet spire was a navigational aid for sailors, the reason why they called it a ‘pagoda’. The building was never properly completed and decayed so much over time that the main tower with five domes collapsed around 1813.
This is a coloured etching with aquatint entitled Hindu Pagoda and House by Thomas Daniell (1749-1840) , published in 1787

 

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Kali Temple, Kalighat : from its river side, 1809

কালী মন্দির, কালীঘাট, ১৯৪৪
a view of the Temple of Goddess Kali from its riverside photographed in 1944

Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Calcutta. The name Calcutta is said to have been derived from the word Kalighat. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hoogly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hoogly (the Ganges). Hence the name Adi (original) Ganges.
Kalighat is also associated with the worship offered to Kali by a Dasanami Monk by name Chowranga Giri, and the Chowringee area of Calcutta is said to have been named after him.
The original temple was a small hut. A small temple was constructed by King Manasingha in the early 16th century. The present temple was erected under the patronage of the Sabarna Roy Chowdhury family of Barisha. It was completed in 1809. The Haldar family claims to be the original owners of the temple property.
The temple is regarded as one of the 51 Shakti Peethas, and visited by pilgrims from all over India irrespective of sectarian differences. more ..

Bathing Ghat Attached to Kali Temple, Kalighat, c1830

কালীমন্দির সংলগ্ন স্নানঘাট, কালীঘাট, c১৯৩০
Bathing Ghat attached to Kali Tempke, Kalighat. c1930
Photograph by Bourne & Shephard /National Geographic Creative

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