Cathedral of the Most Holy Rosary; or, Portuguese Church, Murgihata, Calcutta, 1826

পর্তুগিজ গির্জা, মুরগীহাটা, কলকাতা, ১৮২৬
In 1690 Charnock founded Calcutta. Portuguese from Hugli settled here much before, as some new historical evidences suggest. They built a chapel and were attended by Augustinian priests. The chapel was replaced by the beautiful church dedicated to Our Blessed Lady of the Rosary, which is used today as the cathedral, commonly known as the Portuguese Church, and the street on which the Church is situated was named Portuguese Church Street until recently, in the area of Murgihata adjacent to Lalbazar. The main Church of the Padroado in Kolkata till 1834, when it became the first parish Church of the newly erected Vicariate Apostolic of Bengal, the Salesians, who took over charge from the Jesuits in 1921, handed it over to the Diocesan Clergy in 1972. The Cathedral Annexe was built in 1979.
Coloured aquatint by James Baillie Fraser, Plate No.17 from ‘Views of Calcutta and its Environs’. It may be noted that the location as indicated on the Plate, is not Lollbazaar (Lalbazar) but Mughihatta (Murgihata).


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2 thoughts on “Cathedral of the Most Holy Rosary; or, Portuguese Church, Murgihata, Calcutta, 1826

  1. Who told that Calcutta was founded by the British Agent Job Charnock ? The Kolkata High Court in the landmark judgement delivered on 16 May, 20013 based upon an Expert Committee Report declared that “Neither Job Charnock can be regarded as the founder of Calcutta nor 24 August is the city’s birthday’….so kindly rectify the article for these type of unauthentic articles only mislead the readers…..

    Devarshi Roy Choudhury
    Joint Secretary
    Sabarna Roy Choudhury Paribar Parishad

    For reference see-


    1. Thank you Shri Roy Choudhury for your exciting comment, though, I fear, somewhat out of place. To my mind, no sensible reader takes the humdrum remark: ‘Job Charnock founded Calcutta in 1690’ in literal sense. The statement, besides spreading false claims, ignored the fact that there was no ‘Calcutta’ in Charnock’s lifetime. It was born not before the name ‘Calcutta’ got administrative recognition as a geographic entity sprawling over Sutanuti, Kalikata and Gobindapur villages initially.
      Having seen recurrence of that claim in Cathedral of the Most Holy Rosary, you felt so much upset that you never cared to go to the next sentence that refutes the claim with new evidence. You would have known then the purport of my writing. After all, ‘Brutus is an honest man’ was not really a good-conduct certificate of Marcus Brutus. You would know that only when you read up to the end.


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